Dental braces are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help to position them with regard to a person’s bite, while also working to improve dental health. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural. Dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.
The application of braces moves the teeth as a result of force and pressure on the teeth.
The teeth move when the arch wire puts pressure on the brackets and teeth. Sometimes springs or rubber bands are used to put more force in a specific direction.
Type of Braces
Traditional metal wired braces are stainless steel and are sometimes used in combination with titanium. Traditional metal braces are the most common type of braces. These braces have a metal bracket with elastic (rubber band) ties holding the wire onto the metal brackets.
“Clear” braces serve as a cosmetic alternative to traditional metal braces by blending in more with the natural colour of the teeth or having a less conspicuous or hidden appearance. Typically, these brackets are made of ceramic or plastic materials and function in a similar manner to traditional metal brackets.
In order to avoid the teeth moving back to their original position, retainers may be worn once the treatment with braces is complete in all respects. They can be either fixed retainers which requires a wire to be glue to the back of the front 6 teeth, or a removable retainer which is worn each night to prevent the teeth from moving.