Endodontics, more commonly known as root canal therapy, is performed to relieve a significant amount of pain and discomfort caused by infections within the tissue of the teeth (otherwise known as the pulp).
The pulp of a tooth contains all of the blood and lymph vessels, nerves and connective tissue which is used to nourish the tooth. When this pulp becomes infected the tooth becomes very painful. It extends from the crown of the tooth right to the tip of the root in the bone of the jaw.
Some of the common symptoms that characterise the need for Endodontic treatment can include:
- Sensitivity to hot and cold
- Difficulty or pain when chewing or swallowing
- Swelling of the gums surrounding the problem teeth
- Facial swelling
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms described, contact our experienced team at Haberfield Dental Practice.
Root canal therapy procedure
When the pulp cannot repair itself from disease or injury, it dies. A fracture in a tooth or a deep cavity commonly cause pulp death, as the pulp is exposed to bacteria found in your saliva.
When the pulp becomes infected, it is best to remove it before it spreads to the tooth and surrounding tissues. The whole tooth may be lost if the infection is left untreated.
During root canal therapy the infected pulp is first removed from the tooth. After removing the pulp, the root canals are cleaned, sterilised and shaped to a form that can be completely sealed with a filling material to prevent further infection.
This procedure can save a tooth that would otherwise need to be removed, while completely maintaining the aesthetics and functionality of the tooth to restore a healthy, natural smile.
If you look after your teeth and gums, your root canal treated tooth may last a lifetime. However, you must have regular check-ups to ensure that the tissues around it are nourishing the root of your treated tooth.