Root Canal Therapy

Root Canal Therapy

root canal treatment

Within every tooth is the pulp chamber. The pulp is an essential structure containing all of the nerves, blood, lymph vessels and connective tissue used to supply nourishment and vitality to the tooth. When the pulp is irreversibly damaged, it dies and an area of infection, known as an abscess, begins to form. As the abscess grows, the resulting pressure may be felt as severe pain that extends from the crown of the tooth right to the tip of the root in the bone of the jaw. The only way to relieve the pain is to remove the infection. There are two ways to remove the infection. Ideally, where possible, and as long as the tooth is structurally sound, endodontic treatment is performed. Endodontic treatment is also known as root canal therapy (RCT).

Some common reasons why the pulp may die:

  • A deep cavity
  • A crack in the tooth
  • Excessive bruxism
  • Dental trauma.

Some of the common symptoms that characterise the need for endodontic treatment can include:

  • Extreme and or prolonged pain in response to chewing pressure, or to hot and cold food and drink
  • Spontaneous throbbing pain e.g. waking up during the night due to severe pain
  • Swelling of the gums surrounding the problem tooth
  • Facial swelling.

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms described, contact our experienced team at Haberfield Dental Practice.

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root canal treatment

Root canal therapy procedure

When the pulp becomes infected, it is best to remove it before it spreads to the tooth and surrounding tissues. The whole tooth may be lost if the infection is left untreated.

During root canal therapy the infected pulp is first removed from the tooth. After removing the pulp, the root canals are cleaned and shaped to a form that can be completely sealed with a filling material to prevent further infection. This procedure can save a tooth that would otherwise need to be removed, while completely maintaining the aesthetics and functionality of the tooth to restore a healthy, natural smile. In some cases, after finishing root canal therapy, it may be necessary to strengthen and protect the tooth by preparing the tooth for a ceramic crown.

If you look after your teeth and gums, your root canal treated tooth may last a lifetime. However, you must have regular check-ups to ensure that the completed treatment continues to be successful and that there are no obvious signs of re-infection.

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