Periodontal Gum Disease

Periodontal Gum Disease

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Periodontitis also known as gum disease, is a more severe version of gum infection that harms the gum and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. Untreated periodontitis can lead to tooth mobility and lead to tooth loss.

Periodontitis can result from poor oral hygiene, being common but generally preventable with good oral hygiene. Our common practice of brushing twice a day, flossing daily and regular dental check-ups will improve the successful treatment of periodontitis and can also lower your chance of developing it.

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periodontal gum disease


Healthy gums are firm and pale pink and do not bleed during brushing or flossing. Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:

  • Bad breath
  • Bright red swollen gums
  • Teeth may look longer, when in actual fact, the gums are shrinking
  • Gums that bleed easily and feel sore
  • Gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing
  • Pain or tenderness when chewing
  • A change in the position of your teeth, including spaces developing between your teeth
  • Loose teeth
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We provide each patient a specialised timing schedule for regular check-ups. While completing your normal oral hygiene routine, if you notice any of the symptoms above, book in to see your dentist.

The development of periodontitis starts with plaque – a sticky film built mainly of bacteria – which forms at the gum line causing an inflammatory reaction. This firstly results in gingivitis and if left untreated, it may eventually lead to periodontitis.

The process can be accelerated by:

  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes, e.g. pregnancy
  • Illegal drug use
  • Poor diet
  • Certain medications that cause dry mouth
  • Certain diseases e.g. diabetes.
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prevention of gum disease


If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease from your dentist, it can generally be treated by:

  • Deep cleaning under the gum either done by your dentist or a specialist
  • Using specialised toothpaste and mouthwash
  • Good oral hygiene.

Of key importance, periodontitis has been proven to have a negative relationship with heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene for your overall general health and well-being.

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