Most Common Causes of Toothache and How to Find Relief

Most common causes of toothache and how to find relief

Most Common Causes of Toothache and How to Find Relief

Toothache or tooth pain can have a significant impact on our wellbeing, particularly when it is ongoing and persistent. It can make it difficult to eat and chew, hard to relax because of the distracting pain, and can make our minds ponder possible causes, which might cause us anxiety and distress.

Therefore, it is natural that when we have toothache, we want to find a fast, effective solution that allows us to feel better quickly, so we can get back to our day to day lives without having to worry about unpleasant sensations. 

In this article, your local Haberfield dentist will be discussing some possible causes of toothache and how you can find relief, at home or with the help of your dentist Ashfield, dentist Five Dock, dentist Leichhardt, dentist Summer Hill or other dentist near me.

Firstly, it is important to understand the structure of teeth

Before we jump in, it’s firstly important to have a working understanding of how our teeth are structured. On the outside of the teeth, we have enamel, which is the hardest part of the tooth. 

Deeper within the tooth from this is the dentin, which is still a hard tissue, but which is more ‘porous’ in that it has ‘tubes’ connecting it with the centre of the tooth. 

This centre of the tooth, the pulp, is the most sensitive area of the tooth. It contains blood vessels and nerves. 

The entire tooth connects to the gums and jawbone via the tooth root, the part of the tooth we cannot see under the gumline.

Tooth decay

If you are experiencing toothache that is driving you to visit a dentist Haberfield for toothache relief, the most likely cause of your pain is tooth decay.

Tooth decay occurs when plaque builds up on the teeth. Plaque contains bacteria which generates acids which eat away at the hard enamel of the tooth’s exterior. This process is exaggerated when we are consuming a lot of sugar, and can be mitigated by a proper oral hygiene routine at home.

Tooth decay may expose the dentin or make it less protected, which can then make you more vulnerable to pain. This pain may present as sensitivity to hot and cold food and drink or in other ways.

Prevention is the best method for stopping tooth decay from occurring in the first place, but your dentist Leichhardt can also provide relief by using fillings to address cavities that result from tooth decay. Your dentist Ashfield can also undertake a thorough dental hygiene clean that will remove plaque and reduce the occurrence of tooth decay in the first place.

For this reason, a regular six-monthly check-up at your dentist Five Dock is advised. They will be able to detect any potential decay early and provide tailored advice on your oral hygiene routine, or early treatment before a more extensive procedure may be necessary at your dental clinic.

Abscessed tooth

If a cavity has gone untreated for a period of time and you are experiencing toothache, then there is a chance you may have a tooth abscess. A tooth abscess is a pocket of pus which results from a bacterial infection; it may occur in the tooth itself or in the gums if they are also affected. This occurs when bacteria enter the centre of the tooth through a cavity or through a chip in the enamel.

If you suspect an abscess, you should visit your Haberfield dental practice immediately. Signs and symptoms of a tooth abscess may include throbbing and continuous toothache that spreads to surrounding areas (e.g., jaw, neck), discomfort chewing or with hot and cold, fever, swollen face or neck, tender lymph nodes, and bad breath.

Typically, your dentist Haberfield will have to drain the abscess to remove the pus and the infection; sometimes if the infection is widespread, antibiotics may be required, too. 

The tooth may still be able to stay if it can be saved with a root canal treatment. This treatment involves removing the pulp or soft centre of the tooth, then filling and sealing off the space. Tooth abscesses need to be treated quickly and effectively, as the infection can potentially spread to other areas, including sinuses.

Other common causes of tooth pain

  • Otherwise known as tooth grinding or tooth clenching, bruxism involves when teeth are ground together, often unconsciously or during our sleep. This can cause painful damage to the teeth or also to the jaw joint (the temporomandibular joint or TMJ). Possible solutions to this pain include addressing the cause (e.g., minimising stress) or wearing a dentist-made night guard or mouthguard at night to reduce damage and buck the habit.
  • Dental injury. A dental injury may be obvious, to the point where there is no need to be searching online to understand what is causing your pain (for example, if you have a head knock during a game of sports). However, a dental injury such as a hairline crack may be more subtle and may occur as a more gradual wear and tear process. Your dentist will be able to detect these issues through close assessment. To reduce the risk of injury during sports, you can wear a custom-made mouthguard from your dentist Summer Hill or other dentist near me.
  • Wisdom teeth. If you are in your teenage years or your 20s, you may be more likely to experience this specific type of pain, which will mostly be focused on the area behind your existing molars as your wisdom teeth start to emerge. The pain can be local in the gum as the teeth come out but also to the surrounding area, including the jaw and the neighbouring teeth, if the emerging teeth ‘impact’ the surrounding teeth. Wisdom teeth are usually problematic and need to be removed surgically by your dentist near me.

In this article, we’ve covered off five possible causes of tooth pain, but the truth is there are many, many more – from an abnormal bite to gum disease. If you are experiencing toothache, we encourage you to visit Haberfield Dental Practice to find relief for your pain and a lasting solution. Contact us on (02) 9797 8080 or or book online to arrange an appointment.


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